Introduction: The energy basis

Energy combined with humanity’s ability to exploit its different forms is an important key to understanding the economic development of society.

Humanity’s energy history

In this section, we look at how people have gradually learned to utilise a greater number of energy sources, which has been an important factor in…

The importance of the energy base

One of the important differences between ecological economics and mainstream economics is the interpretation of the role of energy in overall…

The current challenge

The analysis of human history from an energy perspective makes it possible to understand the nature of the most fundamental current challenge: