Introduction: Theoretical glasses

A theory can be understood as a particular type of glasses, which make it possible to see certain things while other things disappear.


We often talk about different kinds of institutions, such as children’s institutions, educational institutions, prison institutions or more generally, public institutions.

Systems thinking

Among ecological economists, it is very common to use the word system. According to the system theorist, Donella Meadows, a system consists of a number of connected and interacting elements that are organised in such a way that they achieve something specific.

Tools of persuasion

In this section, we attempt to describe a feature of the economic measures and models that has not been the subject to much research – not in mainstream economics or ecological economics.