Introduction: Driving forces and distribution

In the theme on the relationship between growth and the environment, it is argued that there are environmental limits to growth in living standards.

The growth engine

Since the start of industrialisation and especially during the post-WW2 period, we who live in the rich countries have been able to increase our...

Trade and globalisation

The idea that free trade is good can be seen as one of the ideas that support the growth engine. However, the idea is challenged when adopting an...

Distribution of use values in a society

As previously mentioned in the theme on growth, ecological economics supports the idea that a society produces a ‘real cake’ during the course of...