Introduction: Control and regulation

In the themes on energy, metabolism and growth, the focus is on environmental problems in an overall perspective: changing the energy basis in a...

Specific environmental problems

Specific environmental problems emerge in many different ways. A classic problem is that an important resource becomes depleted. As a Danish example,...

The problem of side-effects and third parties

Production and consumption involve both the use of resources and the emission of waste materials, which may cause two kinds of problems: First,...

Property rights and commons

The classification of the different types of goods is based on purely practical assessments of their characteristics: Is it practically possible to...

Markets and environmental regulation

There is no direct connection between the way in which property rights for resources are organised and the way in which the products that are produced...